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27 Preferences and 1 identity?
assessing internal unity of the European Union in the international climate change negotiations in Copenhagen and Cancuń
Nataliya Gudz
Art der Arbeit
Dissertation
Universität
Universität Wien
Fakultät
Fakultät für Sozialwissenschaften
Betreuer*in
Johannes Pollak
Alle Rechte vorbehalten / All rights reserved
URN
urn:nbn:at:at-ubw:1-30107.99688.333554-5
Link zu u:search
(Print-Exemplar eventuell in Bibliothek verfügbar)

Abstracts

Abstract
(Deutsch)
Ziel der vorliegenden Dissertation ist es, herauszufinden ob die Europäische Union (EU) im Rahmenübereinkommen der Vereinten Nationen über Klimaänderungen (UNFCCC) in Kopenhagen (2009) und in Cancuń (2010) mit einer Stimme sprach. Aufbauend auf der Literatur zum EU Engagement in verschiedenen internationalen Verhandlungen, wird ein theoretisches Modell entwickelt, welches acht Faktoren beinhaltet, die die Einigkeit der 27 EU Mitgliedstaaten in zwei Klimaverhandlungen beeinflussen. Im empirischen Teil dieser Dissertation werden diese Faktoren detailliert analysiert, basierend auf 42 Interviews, qualitativen und quantitativen Analyse der Presse sowie Primär- und Sekundärliteratur. Die Erkenntnisse dieser Dissertation zeigen, dass der wesentliche Faktor, der die EU-Einigkeit beeinflusst hat, bei den beiden Verhandlungen die Politisierung war, und alle anderen Faktoren von der Politisierung gesteuert wurden.
Abstract
(Englisch)
This PhD thesis seeks to answer the question under which conditions the European Union speaks with one voice in the UNFCCC negotiations in Copenhagen (2009) and in Cancuń (2010). To answer this question, an innovative theoretical framework was introduced by drawing from general literature on the EU performance in different international negotiations. The filtered eight factors (preferences cohesion, tactical and procedural cohesions; frequency of meetings, coordination mechanism, collective ‘EU-feeling’; level of politicization and the EU institutional set-up) allow to reconstruct process of the EU’s unity-creation during two negotiations. Based on 42 semi-structured elite interviews, extensive qualitative and quantitative analysis of the press coverage as well as primary and secondary literature, the empirical findings of this project demonstrate explanatory power of the theoretical framework, corroborate the introduced hypotheses and present future research prospects. The current research demonstrates that preference and tactical cohesions possess no explanatory power for Copenhagen and Cancuń: analysed relative preference proximity (RPP) on three controversial issues remains quite stable over the time and both conferences witness rather one-sided concessions among the EU Member States. Minor impact on the EU’s internal unity is also observed with procedural cohesion which proves to be important only if the rotating Presidency takes a median position and acts in a pro-integrative and all-inclusive way, by organizing frequent meetings and coordination mechanisms with involvement of each single EU Member State into internal decision-making. Only in this case, collective ‘EU-feeling’ can be assured (Cancuń). Any exclusive approach causes disunity, as some EU countries tend to promote their domestic priorities through unilateral actions and bilateral meetings (Copenhagen). This centripetal tendency can be aggravated either by inflexible EU institutional set-up, stemming from the unanimity requirement and the EU over-representation in the international arena (Copenhagen case), or by unstable EU institutional setting, caused by the new institutional arrangement (Lisbon Treaty) with ‘turf-fighting’ among the EU institutions as a side effect (Cancuń). On the basis of these findings, this PhD project argues that the most important factor in case of two negotiations is level of politicization. Higher level of participation brings more media coverage, resulting in higher over-exposure of politicians to their electorate back home, higher responsibility for their statements and higher reluctance to deviate from their domestic positions, thus undermining the EU’s capacity to speak with one voice (Copenhagen).

Schlagwörter

Schlagwörter
(Englisch)
international negotiations on climate change EU unity politicization Lisbon Treaty
Schlagwörter
(Deutsch)
internationale Klimaverhandlungen EU Einigkeit Politisierung Vertrag von Lissabon
Autor*innen
Nataliya Gudz
Haupttitel (Englisch)
27 Preferences and 1 identity?
Hauptuntertitel (Englisch)
assessing internal unity of the European Union in the international climate change negotiations in Copenhagen and Cancuń
Publikationsjahr
2013
Umfangsangabe
209 S.
Sprache
Englisch
Beurteiler*innen
Johannes Pollak ,
Otmar Höll
Klassifikationen
89 Politologie > 89.70 Internationale Beziehungen: Allgemeines ,
89 Politologie > 89.71 Internationale Zusammenarbeit: Allgemeines ,
89 Politologie > 89.72 Internationale Organisationen ,
89 Politologie > 89.73 Europapolitik, Europäische Union
AC Nummer
AC11624673
Utheses ID
28823
Studienkennzahl
UA | 784 | 300 | |
Universität Wien, Universitätsbibliothek, 1010 Wien, Universitätsring 1